This five-day course is designed to cover the essential administration tasks
confronting today's Sun systems administrators. It covers all basic
workstation administration functions, with full hands-on experience at all
stages. The Solaris 10 Visual Administration Solaris Management Console (SMC)
is also covered. For network administrators, this course should be followed
by the Solaris 10 System Administration (Part 2)
Knowledge of Solaris up to a level taught in the
Introduction to Solaris
course is important, and some previous
administration experience is helpful.
To attain a level of competence performing Solaris administration tasks to
that defined in the Solaris 10 Certified Administrator Part 1 exam. This
involves mainly essential local administration tasks.
Instructor-led course, with many practical computer-based exercises.
System Administration Overview
Sun Hardware types. Solaris Operating Environment configurations. Review of
File System Structure
File system structure and slicing. The Solaris directory hierarchy;
identification of files and file types; using symbolic and hard links.
Disk Storage Management for local disk drives.
Disk concepts and structure; slices (partitions) and Solaris device naming
conventions. Physical disk connection. listing and reconfiguring the systems
devices. Slicing and labelling disks with the format utility and the Solaris
Management Console (smc). Creating a Solaris file system with newfs. Deciding
how to mount the new files system; updating /etc/vfstab for permanent
mounts. Using fsck to perform file system integrity checks. Monitoring disk
usage and directory sizes.
File System Maintenance and Security
The mount command. Mount options. The cachefs and LOFS file systems. Handling
CD and floppy disks. Making room on the file system. . File system
security. SMC file system functions. Utilities for file system monitoring.
System Build (Installing Solaris)
Planning disk layout. Booting from CD, DVD or network to build. Building
Solaris from scratch; selecting software options, disk slicing,
etc. Post-installation procedures. Overview of automatic
installation. Upgrading from a previous Solaris release.
Obtaining and installing the latest patches, including clusters and
individual patches. Examining the current patch level of a machine. Removing
Software Configuration and Package Administration
How to set up and customise a variety of tools, including shells, Common
Desktop Environment, manual pages and AnswerBook. Examining, Installing and
removing software packages using command line utilities, including Solaris
distribution options. Using the Webstart installer mechanism to install
software. Using the Solaris Product Registry. (prodreg)
Monitor prompt commands (boot, probe-scsi, probe-ide, test-net, devalias
etc.) Identifying system settings such as the default boot device. Using the
eeprom command to view and change settings. Troubleshooting boot failure.
Start-up and Shutdown
In-depth explanation of the new Service Management Facility (SMF). Using SMF
utilities to monitor and control boot processes. Adding your own scripts at
system boot. Understanding and changing run levels. Shutting down, suspending
and powering off the system. Power management. Additional information for
previous Solaris versions.
Adding and Maintaining Users
Concepts. Ownership of files, directories and processes. Classes of
user. Adding a user manually, via command line tools and graphically. User
initialisation file management. Password control. Real and effective
id. Using SMC for user management. Introduction to Role Based Access Control
Overview. The group file. Group identification of files and directories. The
newgrp, groups and chgrp commands. Complete example of creating and using a
group. Using SMC with groups.
Monitoring access to the system. Using the su (Switch User) command, and
monitoring its use. Restricting file and directory access using protection
mechanisms, including access modes, s and t bits, umask, chown and
chmod. Introduction to Access Control Lists (ACLs).
Adding a Printer
Overview. Printer types and connection methods, including network
printers. Software modifications. Spooling system commands. Administrator
control commands. Remote printer facilities. Printer classes. Using the
Solaris GUIs for printer management. Specifying both system and user default
Examining and controlling processes using ps, kill, and the Process
Manager. Automating commands with crontab and at, for one-off and regular
Back-Up and Restore Utilities, including snapshots
Overview and Preparation. Tape types and capacities. Sample ufsdump
commands. Backup strategies. Taking a complete backup with ufsdump Summary
of ufsdump command options. Using fssnap to snapshot the file system and
take a clean backup. Restoring individual files and directories. Restoring
an entire system. Considerations for disaster recovery. The tar, cpio and mt
utilities. Backups versus archives.
Hardware and Software Requirements
A machine running Solaris 10 for each student. SPARC hardware is preferable to
PC hardware. Each student should have access to a tape drive and printer.
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